Clean Air Partnership

CAP Reports

CAP Reports

Active Transportation

The Toronto Centre for Active Transportation (TCAT) was formed in 2006 to give a unified voice to the many groups working for a better cycling and pedestrian environment in Toronto.  TCAT has worked closely with CAP since its inception and became a project of CAP in 2008.  TCAT guides the active transportation programming at CAP and has expanded its activities to other communities in Ontario.


Current Active Transportation Projects

Between 2015 and 2017, with funding from the Metcalf Foundation, TCAT will work in partnership with Cycle Toronto, Toronto Cycling Think & Do Tank, and CultureLink on the Scarborough Cycles: building bike culture beyond downtown project. Through this project we will develop two Bike Hubs that offer Scarborough residents access to bicycles, tools, cycling mentorship, and civic engagement activities.

Flemingdon Park Town Centre Project is an action-research project in 2015/2016 funded by a seed grant from the Healthier Cities and Communities Hub Seed Grant initiative. Building on TCAT's Active Neighbourhoods Canada work, we will work with community members to activate public space through a simple design intervention.

TCAT is the Ontario partner of the Active Neighbourhoods Canada/ Réseau Quartiers Verts four-year project funded by the Public Health Agency of Canada. Launched in 2013 by the Montreal Urban Ecology Centre, Active Neighbourhoods Canada is a partnership of organizations across Canada using participatory design towards the goal of green, active and healthy neighbourhoods. TCAT is leading the development and implementation of the participatory design process in four communities across Ontario.

TCAT is a partner on the "Think (and Do) Tank for Urban Cycling" led by Dr. Beth Savan at the University of Toronto. The purpose of the project is to build a diverse interdisciplinary and multi-sector research consortium and develop a unique methodology to study, apply, and evaluate the critical elements essential to the promotion of urban cycling as a primary transportation choice.


Completed Active Transportation Projects

Between 2014 and 2016, TCAT worked with Dr. Raktim Mitra at Ryerson University and Dr. Paul Hess at the University of Toronto on "Understanding Complete Streets in the Greater Golden Horseshoe (GGH) Region", research funded by the Places to Grow Implementation Fund. The research team developed 1) a Complete Streets Catalogue, a catalog of examples that illustrates how the notion of Complete Streets is being applied as part of Growth Plan policy implementation in GGH municipalities, 2) a Complete Streets Evaluation Tool, an audit tool prototype to evaluate Complete Streets in the GGH region, and 3) Complete Street Transformations in the Greater Golden Horseshoe Region, a book featuring nine projects from municipalities throughout the region where streets were redesigned to improve conditions for walking, cycling and public transit.

Between 2014 and 2016, the Regional Municipality of Peel commissioned a project team led by TCAT and including Dr. Beth Savan and her research team at the Toronto Cycling Think & Do Tank at the University of Toronto and Culturelink to develop a community based social marketing pilot program for active transportation. The project resulted in a replicable program to increase cycling trips in Peel Region.

Complete Streets Forum, October 1, 2015. TCAT's eigth annual active transportation conference at University of Toronto's Hart House. Since 2008, TCAT's annual conference has brought together public, private and non-profit sectors to work towards safe and accessible streets for all.

In 2015, the Grey Bruch Health Unit commissioned a project team led by TCAT, in collaboration with MMM Group, to prepare a Complete Streets Policy & Implementation Guide. The goal of this project was to develop a “made in Grey Bruce” Complete Streets policy guide which responds to the unique context of this rural region.

It`s Your Move was a strategic partnership with Metrolinx designed to promote the importance of allocating a dedicated portion of the 25% for walking and cycling projects identified in The Big Move. Each video in the 12-part series featured a leader living in Halton, York, Peel, Durham, Hamilton or Toronto and shares personal and professional stories about the benefits of active transportation.

Building on the Coalitions Linking Action and Science for Prevention (CLASP) initiative, TCAT continued to work with the Black Creek community in 2013-2014 to identify and implement solutions for active transportation. This project was made possible through funding from the Heart and Stroke Foundation.

Complete Streets Forum, October 6, 2014. TCAT's seventh annual active transportation conference at Daniels Spectrum. TCAT's Complete Streets Forums provide a unique opportunity to get fresh perspectives, learn best practices, and make great connections in planning, designing and implementing safe and inviting streets for all.

In partnership with Dr. Paul Hess at the University of Toronto, between 2013-2014 TCAT conducted research that investigates the implementation of provincial and municipal policies that seek to build communities that encourage walking, cycling and public transit use. The research seeks to understand how policies are actually translated into practices that support walking and cycling, the potential barriers that exist, and what tools exist to overcome these barriers. The final report was submitted to Metrolinx on July 7, 2014 and an abridged version was accepted for inclusion in the 2014 TAC Conference on September 30, 2014 in Montreal.

In 2013, Toronto Public Health commissioned a project team led by Urban Design 4 Health, Ltd. and including TCAT, &Co Architects Inc., and MMM Group, to identify and assess evidence for how specific street design choices influence health outcomes, assess how other jurisdictions have made Complete Streets policy choices in circumstances of limited health evidence or in cases of health trade-offs, and draw conclusions about how the information can be used to promote healthier street design in Toronto. In October 2014, Toronto Public Health released three Healthy Streets reports.

A partnership with the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada funded by the Canadian Partnership Against Cancer through its Coalitions Linking Action and Science for Prevention (CLASP) initiative. TCAT worked collaboratively with Toronto Public Health in 2013 to identify built environment policy processes that would benefit from increased community engagement and develop an action plan for two community engagement pilots, centred around cross-sector collaboration and linked to current policy development opportunities.

With funding from the Toronto Atmospheric Fund, TCAT released a report on September 12, 2013 titled "The Other 25%. Active Transportation Investment and the Big Move" which builds a case for support for a dedicated revenue stream to support and advance active transportation  "Next Wave" infrastructure projects within the City of Toronto and other GTHA municipalities as identified in the Metrolinx Big Move.

Complete Streets Forum, May 27, 2013. TCAT's sixth annual active transportation conference at the Hyatt Regency in Toronto. The Share the Road Cycling Coalition Ontario Bike Summit 2013 took place on May 28-29th at the same location. The Complete Streets Forum provides a unique opportunity for communities who share common active transportation issues to speed up and make more substantial progress by working more closely together.

Complete Streets Policy and Design Hub. With funding from the Trillium Foundation, an agency of the Government of Ontario, TCAT completed a one-year project in 2012 to build capacity and expertise to advance complete streets policies in Ontario, which support all forms of transportation, including bicycles, public transit, and walking, for Ontarians of all ages and abilities. The two principal activities of the grant were: 1) to perform an in-depth gap analysis (updated in August 2013) of the potential for, or existence of, complete streets policies across Ontario, and 2) to create an online Complete Streets for Canada Policy and Design Hub (launched in July 2012) to enable increased collaboration and knowledge-sharing across the province.

Complete Streets Forum, April 23, 2012. TCAT's fifth annual active transportation conference represented a holistic approach to active transportation policy and planning with a focus on cycling and walking while maintaining the interests of other road users. Over 200 people attended the Forum at Evergreen Brick Works.

Complete Streets by Design, March 2012. With funding from the Toronto Community Foundation Vital Toronto Fund, TCAT produced a visually compelling professional resource to show how six Toronto streets could look and feel redesigned as Complete Streets. 

Complete Streets Forum, Apr 28-29, 2011. TCAT's fourth annual active transportation policy conference featured leading complete streets experts and over 200 stakeholders addressing how to effectively address common opportunities and challenges in balancing the needs of all road users.

Contextualizing the Community Walkability Audit Tool, November 2010. This research, commissioned by the City of Toronto, teases out issues relevant to community-based walkability audit tools - tools administered by community members, without the need for formal training. This paper was presented at the Walk 21 Conference in the Hague, Holland on November 18, 2010 and published in their proceedings.

Converting On-Street Parking to Active Transportation in Toronto: Two Studies of Merchant and Patron Preferences, November 2010. Summary of the main findings of two research studies conducted to determine the public acceptability and potential economic impact of reallocating road space from on-street parking to bike lanes or widened sidewalks. This paper was presented at the Walk 21 Conference in the Hague, Holland on November 17, 2010 and published in their proceedings.

Benchmarking Active Transportation in Canadian Cities, October 2010. In-depth review of active transportation indicators and initiatives in Toronto and eight selected cities in Canada, the U.S. and Europe.

Building Better Cycling Arteries in Cities. Lessons for Toronto, October 2010. Review of cycling policies, infrastructure, and case studies of how leading urban cycling centres are accommodating fast and direct routes for cyclists on, or parallel to, arterial roads.

Complete Streets Forum 2010 Summary Report, August 2010. Findings from the Complete Streets Forum where leading complete streets experts addressed how to effectively respond to common opportunities and challenges in balancing the needs of all road users.

GTA Complete Streets Community of Practice. Clean Air Partnership's GTA Clean Air Council 2010 Inter-governmental Declaration on Clean Air and Climate Change.

Before and After Evaluation of "Rush Hour" Sharrow Pavement Markings. In May 2010, the City of Toronto installed a new application of shared lane pavement markings referred to as "rush hour" sharrows on College Street. In the summer of 2010 the City of Toronto, in partnership with TCAT, conducted an evaluation of the impact of sharrows on cyclist and motorist behaviour. TCAT participated in the study design and data analysis, and provided support in soliciting survey staff and participants. The City published the final report on its website on Oct 23, 2014.

Bike Lanes, On-Street Parking and Business Year 2 Report: A Study of Bloor Street in Toronto's Bloor West Village, March 2010. Research report documenting survey results of 96 merchants and 510 patrons to determine the public acceptability and economic impact of reallocating road space from on-street parking to bike lanes or widened sidewalks. A Webinar on March 30, 2010 profiled the findings of the study.

Bike Summit 2009 Summary Report, January 2010. Findings from the Bike Summit 2009, a one-day policy conference sharing best practices on creating bikeable communities.

Bike Lanes, On-Street Parking and Business. A Study of Bloor Street in Toronto's Annex Neighbourhood, February 2009. Research report documenting survey results of 61 merchants and 538 patrons to determine the public acceptability and economic impact of reallocating road space from on-street parking to bike lanes or widened sidewalks. On March 25, 2009 a follow up Webinar  profiled the findings of the study.

Bikes as a Public Good: What is the future of public bike sharing in Toronto?, December 2008. Report based on a 2-day community forum and stakeholder roundtable to explore the future of public bike sharing -- a new form of personalized mass transportation in Toronto.

Bike Summit 2008 Summary Report, October 2008. Findings from the inaugural Bike Summit which shared best practices and perspectives on putting policy into action, and building local, regional and provincial momentum and leadership for bikeable communities.

Benchmarking Toronto’s Bicycle Environment: Comparing Toronto to other World Cities, April 2008. This short report examined the level of Toronto's cycling infrastructure investment, rates of cycling, and other indicators of a city's bicycle friendliness.

The State of Active Transportation, February 2008. Report for Metrolinx that helped form the basis for their active transportation policies and infrastructure planning.


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